Global Initiative to Enfranchise People with Disabilities: Costa Rica - www.electionaccess.org
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Costa Rica

General Right to Vote
Constitution
(1949, 2003 reforms)

  • Article 93 states, “Suffrage is a primary and compulsory civic function and is exercised before Election Boards through direct and secret vote by the citizens registered in the Civil Registry.”

Exclusion Based on Intellectual Disability
Electoral Code
(2 September 2009)

  • Article 144 states: "All Costa Ricans...are electors, with the following exceptions: (a) those persons who have legally been declared in a state of interdictions."

Voter Assistance
Electoral Code
(2 September 2009)

  • Article 164 states, “It is absolutely forbidden...the presence of physical obstacles...and any other obstacles to the free and independent access for people with reduced mobility.”
  • Article 171 states, “...priority will be given to the disabled, pregnant, or elderly.”
  • Article 178 indicates that the president of the polling station will note the time an elector has to vote, as required by the relevant regulations promulgated by the TSE for at least six months in advance. After this individuals will in some manner record those who don’t have ballots and are not allowed to vote.  “The Court will consider exceptions of the rules in order to guarantee the right of disabled people and the elderly to vote.”
  • Article 181 states, “The TSE will take the necessary steps to make it possible for persons who have difficult in doing so to vote, safeguarding the right to the free exercise of the suffrage, and if possible, the secret ballot. In the case of people with visual disabilities they are able to vote in secret if they prefer, using the template system for which the TSE will take the corresponding provisions. Notwithstanding the paragraphs above, in case of the inability to vote for themselves...(a) They are able to be accompanied to the polling station by a person they trust who will do it for them. (b) They may make it public, when there is a specific request to the polling station, in which case the president of the polling station will follow the instructions of the elector.”

 



 
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